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Classification of settlement - SS2 Geography Lesson Note

Settlements can be classified based on their size patterns in the locality. The classification of settlements based on size patterns reflects the population density, infrastructure, and lifestyle of the residents. It helps us understand how people choose to live and work in different types of localities, based on their needs and preferences.


Metropolitan or Urban Settlements:

These are large cities or urban areas with a high population and extensive infrastructure.

Characteristics: Skyscrapers, extensive transportation networks, commercial centers, and diverse services.

Factors: Economic opportunities, cultural attractions, and better amenities attract a large population.


Suburban Settlements:

Suburbs are located on the outskirts of metropolitan areas, offering a mix of urban and rural characteristics.

Characteristics: Residential neighborhoods, schools, shopping centers, and often a quieter environment.

Factors: People choose suburbs for a balance between city life and more space and privacy.


Rural Settlements:

Rural areas consist of small villages, hamlets, or isolated homes in the countryside.

Characteristics: Fewer buildings, agricultural land, and a slower-paced lifestyle.

Factors: Agriculture, farming, and natural surroundings are central to rural settlements.


Urban Fringe Settlements:

These areas are at the edge of cities, transitioning from urban to suburban or rural characteristics.

Characteristics: Mix of residential, commercial, and green spaces, often undergoing development.

Factors: Proximity to city opportunities while enjoying some suburban features.


Towns and Small Towns:

Towns are smaller urban areas with a moderate population and infrastructure.

Characteristics: Central business districts, local services, and a sense of community.

Factors: These settlements offer a balance between urban amenities and rural tranquility.


Countryside Settlements:

Countryside areas are often remote and sparsely populated, with a focus on agriculture.

Characteristics: Isolated farms, open fields, and limited services.

Factors: Agriculture and the desire for a quieter, rural lifestyle shape countryside settlements.


Isolated or Remote Settlements:

These are the most remote and least populated areas, often found in wilderness or extreme environments.

Characteristics: Very few buildings, minimal infrastructure, and self-sufficiency.

Factors: Geographic isolation, specific purposes (research, conservation), or unique lifestyles.


Recommended: Questions and Answers on Settlement II for SS2 Geography
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