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Climatic types - SS2 Geography Lesson Note

Climatic types refer to different categories or classifications of climate based on various factors such as temperature, precipitation, and weather patterns. These are general climatic types, and there can be variations within each category. Climate is determined by factors like latitude, altitude, and proximity to bodies of water, and it plays a significant role in shaping the environment and ecosystems in different regions of the world.


Common climatic types:

Hot Climate:

Hot climates are characterized by high temperatures throughout the year.

They often have little variation between seasons, and it can be extremely hot during the day.

Examples include tropical rainforests and arid deserts.


Temperate Climate:

Temperate climates have distinct seasons – spring, summer, autumn, and winter.

Summers are warm, and winters are cooler, but not excessively cold.

Regions with temperate climates often have a variety of weather conditions.


Cold Climate:

Cold climates are known for their low temperatures, especially during the winter.

Winters can be harsh, with snow and ice, and summers are relatively short and cool.

Polar regions and subarctic areas fall into this category.


Desert Climate:

Desert climates are dry with very little rainfall, and they can be extremely hot during the day and cold at night.

Vegetation is often sparse, and water is scarce.

Examples include the Sahara Desert and the Atacama Desert.


Mediterranean Climate:

Mediterranean climates are characterized by mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers.

These regions are known for their pleasant weather, making them suitable for agriculture and tourism.

Southern California and parts of southern Europe have a Mediterranean climate.


Tundra Climate:

Tundra climates are very cold and dry, with short growing seasons.

The ground is often frozen (permafrost), and vegetation is limited to hardy plants.

The Arctic tundra is a well-known example.


Tropical Climate:

Tropical climates are typically warm and humid throughout the year.

They often experience heavy rainfall, especially during the wet season.

Tropical rainforests and savannas are found in these areas.


Recommended: Questions and Answers on Climate for SS2 Geography
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