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Road Transport - SS2 Geography Lesson Note

Road transport refers to the movement of passengers and cargo on land using a network of roads, highways, streets, and other paved or unpaved surfaces. It is a versatile mode of transportation that includes vehicles like cars, trucks, buses, motorcycles, and more.


Types of Road Transport:

  • Personal Vehicles: These are vehicles used for individual or family transportation, such as cars and motorcycles.
  • Public Transport: Includes buses and trams, providing transportation for a larger number of passengers.
  • Goods Transport: Trucks and lorries are used for the movement of goods over roads.
  • Cycling and Walking: These are also considered road transport methods, mainly for short distances.


Merits of Road Transport:

  • Accessibility: Roads reach even remote areas, making it easy to connect various regions.
  • Flexibility: Road transport allows for door-to-door delivery and is adaptable to different types of cargo and passenger needs.
  • Cost-Effective: It's often more affordable for short to medium-distance travel and transportation.
  • Convenience: Road transport provides individual mobility and the freedom to travel at one's own pace.


Demerits of Road Transport:

  • Congestion: Roads can become congested, leading to traffic jams and delays.
  • Environmental Impact: It contributes to pollution and carbon emissions.
  • Safety Concerns: Road accidents are a significant risk associated with this mode of transport.
  • Maintenance Costs: Roads and vehicles require ongoing maintenance.



  • Traffic Congestion: Overcrowded roads can cause delays and increase fuel consumption.
  • Safety Issues: Road accidents and fatalities are a major concern.
  • Environmental Impact: Emissions from vehicles contribute to air pollution and climate change.
  • Infrastructure Challenges: Maintaining and expanding road networks is costly and can be slow.



  • Public Transport Improvement: Invest in better public transportation systems to reduce traffic congestion and emissions.
  • Road Safety Measures: Enforce traffic laws and promote safe driving practices.
  • Environmental Initiatives: Encourage the use of electric and hybrid vehicles, and promote sustainable urban planning.
  • Infrastructure Investment: Continuously upgrade and expand road networks to accommodate growing transportation needs.
Recommended: Questions and Answers on Transportation in Nigeria for SS2 Geography
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