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Types of agricultural practice - SS2 Geography Lesson Note

Each of these agricultural practices has its advantages and disadvantages, and their suitability depends on factors like climate, geography, and available resources in a given region.


Subsistence Farming:

Subsistence farming is when farmers grow crops and raise livestock primarily to feed themselves and their families. They produce just enough to meet their basic needs and often use traditional and labor-intensive methods.


Mechanized Farming:

Mechanized farming involves the use of machines and technology to carry out agricultural tasks. This includes tractors, combine harvesters, and irrigation systems, which make farming more efficient and productive.


Pastoral Farming:

Pastoral farming focuses on raising livestock like cattle, sheep, and goats for meat, milk, and other products. It often involves moving animals to find fresh pasture and water sources.


Crop Rotation:

Crop rotation is a practice where farmers grow different crops in the same field over a series of seasons. This helps improve soil fertility, control pests, and reduce the risk of soil exhaustion.


Mixed Farming:

Mixed farming combines both crop cultivation and livestock rearing on the same farm. This diversification can provide a more stable source of food and income for farmers.


Shifting Cultivation:

Shifting cultivation, also known as slash-and-burn farming, involves clearing a plot of land, planting crops, and then moving to a new area once soil fertility declines. The old field is left fallow to recover.



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