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Water resources - SS2 Geography Lesson Note

Water resources are essential elements of the natural environment that provide water for various purposes. They can be categorized into different types, each with its own examples and uses.


Surface Water:

Rivers and Streams: These flowing bodies of water are a source of freshwater used for drinking, irrigation, and industrial processes.

Lakes and Ponds: These large bodies of standing water serve as reservoirs for drinking water, recreational activities, and habitats for aquatic life.

Reservoirs: Man-made lakes created by damming rivers, used for water storage, electricity generation, and recreation.



Aquifers: Underground layers of water-bearing rock or sediment that store water. Groundwater is accessed through wells for drinking, agriculture, and industrial purposes.



Rainwater Harvesting: Collecting and storing rainwater for various uses, including irrigation, non-potable uses, and even drinking in some cases.



Oceans and Seas: These vast bodies of saltwater cover most of the Earth's surface and are essential for transportation, fisheries, and recreation.

Desalination: The process of removing salt from seawater to make it suitable for drinking and irrigation in arid regions.


Atmospheric Water:

Humidity: Water vapor in the air can be condensed and collected for drinking and industrial purposes, especially in regions with limited freshwater resources.

Recommended: Questions and Answers on Environmental Resources I for SS2 Geography
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