2008 - JAMB Government Past Questions & Answers - page 1

1
An advantage of delegated legislation is
A
supremacy
B
convenience
C
effectiveness
D
efficiency
CORRECT OPTION: d
Efficiency is an advantage of delegated legislation.

Delegated Legislation makes for efficiency and precision. It helps to deal with issues that require some technicalities. When a subject is highly technical and requires some expert knowledge, the parliament may delegate to the Ministers, the powers to make laws or the issue, so to be able to achieve efficiency.
2
A system of government that promotes the rights and freedom of the citizens is called
A
oligarchy
B
plutocracy
C
autocracy
D
democracy
CORRECT OPTION: d
A system of government that promotes the rights and freedom of the citizens is called Democracy.

Democracy is a government where people exercise power of governance through representatives. The representative must come into govern through popular, periodic free and fair elections.

According to Abraham Lincoin, ''democracy is the government of the people, by the people and for the people.''
3
In the presidential system of government , the leader is basically the head of state and
A
government
B
the police
C
the military
D
the judiciary
CORRECT OPTION: a
In the presidential system of government , the leader is basically the head of state and government.

The Presidential system of government is the type of political organization in which the leader popularly known as the President is the head of state in reality. In short, the President is both head of state and that of government. He then combines both the executive and ceremonial functions. He comes into power through free and fair periodic election.
4
An economic system that encourages even distribution of wealth in the society is
A
liberalism
B
socialism
C
mercantilism
D
capitalism
CORRECT OPTION: b
socialism an economic system that encourages even distribution of wealth in the society.

Socialism is the system of government in which there is a public ownership of production and the establishment of a society in which every person is equal.
5
An attribute that makes a state to be recognized as independent is
A
government
B
population
C
sovereignty
D
territory
CORRECT OPTION: c
An attribute that makes a state to be recognized as independent is sovereignty.

A state must have the supreme power to enable it make and enforce laws. Such a sovereign state must be free from external control.
6
The act of denying an eligible person the right to vote in an election is
A
gerrymandering
B
disenfranchisement
C
filiburstering
D
restricted franchise
CORRECT OPTION: b
Disenfranchisement The act of denying an eligible person the right to vote in an election.

Disenfranchisement means depriving individuals the right to vote at election or the right of citizenship.
7
In the monarchical system of government, sovereignty is vested in the
A
people
B
royalty
C
legislature
D
military
CORRECT OPTION: b
In the monarchical system of government, sovereignty is vested in the royalty.

Monarchy is a form of government in which political power is vested in one person called the King or Queen.

Monarchs in Different countries have titles such as:

1. Emperor (Ethiopia)

2. Fhah (Saudi Arabia)

3. Hassan (Morocco)

4. Hussein (Jordan)

5. King or Queen ( England)
8
One merit of a written constitution is its
A
legibility
B
total flexibility
C
rigidity
D
ease of reference
CORRECT OPTION: d
In written constitution references can be made to the written document and any breach of the principles contained therein will clearly be 'unconstitutional'.
9
A human community that is usually cohesive and homogeneous is a
A
state
B
kinship
C
nation
D
clan
CORRECT OPTION: c
A human community that is usually cohesive and homogeneous is a Nation.

Burgess defined nation as a population with ethic unity. Leacook then described it as a body of people united by common descent and a common language. Finally, it should be realized that people that make up a nation share homogeneous characteristics.
10
In the process of implementing laws, the executive sometimes performs
A
judicial function
B
bureaucratic function
C
oversight function
D
legislative function
CORRECT OPTION: a
In the process of implementing laws, the executive sometimes performs Judicial Functions.

1. The executive can grant prerogative of mercy to convicts, especially those that have overstayed or stayed reasonable part of their term in detention.

2. They executive also sets up judicial panels of inquiry outside the control of the ordinary courts of the land.
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