Climatic Change - SS3 Geography Past Questions & Answers - page 1

1

What is the primary human activity responsible for increasing carbon emissions that contribute to climate change?

A

Deforestation

B

Ocean variability

C

Volcanic eruptions

D

Solar output

CORRECT OPTION: a
2

Which natural phenomenon is responsible for variations in Earth's orbit and can lead to ice ages and warmer periods?

A

Solar output

B

Volcanic eruptions

C

Milankovitch cycles

D

Plate tectonics

CORRECT OPTION: c
3

What is one of the major consequences of melting ice caps due to climate change?

A

Decreased sea levels

B

Expansion of polar bear habitats

C

Rising sea levels

D

Increased landmass in the Arctic

CORRECT OPTION: c
4

How do heatwaves, intensified by rising temperatures, impact human health?

A

They reduce the risk of heat-related illnesses.

B

They have no significant impact on health.

C

They can lead to heat-related illnesses and death.

D

They improve overall well-being.

CORRECT OPTION: c
5

Which greenhouse gas is primarily responsible for the enhanced greenhouse effect and global warming?

A

Oxygen

B

Carbon dioxide (CO2)

C

Nitrogen

D

Water vapor

CORRECT OPTION: b
6

What natural process can disrupt ocean circulation patterns and impact weather and ecosystems?

A

Volcanic eruptions

B

Solar output variations

C

Plate tectonics

D

Melting of ice caps

CORRECT OPTION: c
7

What is the main consequence of high rainfall caused by climate change?

A

More frequent droughts

B

Increased risk of heatwaves

C

Coastal erosion

D

Flooding

CORRECT OPTION: d
8

Which natural event releases massive amounts of energy, dust, and debris into the atmosphere and can temporarily cool the climate?

A

Tornadoes

B

Solar flares

C

Meteorite impacts

D

Earthquakes

CORRECT OPTION: c
9

What does ocean variability, such as El Niño and La Niña, affect?

A

Global wind patterns

B

Solar radiation

C

Plate tectonics

D

Volcanic activity

CORRECT OPTION: a
10

What is a critical consequence of the submergence of coastal cities due to rising sea levels?

A

Improved water quality

B

Infrastructure development

C

Coastal erosion prevention

D

Population displacement

CORRECT OPTION: d
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