2015 WAEC Government Past Questions & Answers - page 1

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1

The most visible feature of a state is


A
compulsory membership
B
defined geographical territory
C
written constitution
D
sovereign power

Correct Option: D

Solution

There are four essential characteristics of a state which include population, territory, sovereignty, and government.  “The key characteristic of a state. Political sovereignty means the state has absolute supreme authority within the boundary of its territory.


2

Representative democracy is characterized by


A
free election and proper register of voters
B
a politically educated elite
C
representation of the poor only
D
rule of the interest groups

Correct Option: A

Solution

The characteristic of a representative democracy is simply: People vote for representatives. Of course "vote" means a fair election where people have real choice. 


3

The set of attitudes and beliefs that determine the behaviour of citizens in a political system is called


A
socialization
B
political culture
C
representative government
D
devolution

Correct Option: B

Solution

Political culture is the set of attitudes, beliefs, and sentiments which give order and meaning to a political process and which provide the underlying assumptions and rules that govern behavior in the political system.


4

The set of attitudes and beliefs that determine the behaviour of citizens in a political system is called


A
socialization
B
political culture
C
representative government
D
devolution

Correct Option: B

Solution

Political culture is the set of attitudes, beliefs, and sentiments which give order and meaning to a political process and which provide the underlying assumptions and rules that govern behavior in the political system.


5

Fundamental Human Rights are entrenched in constitutions purposely to


A
ensure freedom of speech
B
guarantee the liberty of citizens
C
promote good governance
D
promote trade

Correct Option: B

Solution

Human rights and fundamental freedoms are provided by the Constitution to guarantee liberty of citizens.


6

Diplomatic and parliamentary immunities put limitations on


A
the rule of law
B
separation of powers
C
checks and balances
D
foreign policies

Correct Option: A

Solution

The Rule of Law is an important contribution of the British Constitution. It means that in the eyes of the law all persons, whether big or small, the highest government official or ordinary citizen, a big capitalist or a poor man, are equal. It also means that in the eyes of law, there is no privileged class. But certain diplomatic immunities retrain the effect of the rule of law


7

Montesquieu's political theory of separation of powers was meant to


A
promote unity in government
B
prevent dictatorial rule
C
ensure social justice
D
enhance state security

Correct Option: B

Solution

Montesquieu's approach was to present and defend a form of government which was not excessively centralized in all its powers to a single monarch or similar ruler, form of government known then as "aristocracy". He based this model on the Constitution of the Roman Republic and the British constitutional system.


8

Which of the following countries practices a centralized system of government?


A
Nigeria
B
Ghana
C
USA
D
India

Correct Option: B

Solution

centralized form of government is one in which all power is held by a single authority or by a group of people. Regional or local leaders are appointed by the central authority and they can usually be removed if they do not abide by the orders issued by the government. Ghana practices a centralized system of government


9

Which of the following countries operates unwritten constitution?


A
Britain
B
USA
C
Japan
D
Canada

Correct Option: A

Solution

some countries with an unwritten constitution;

  1. Canada.
  2. United Kingdom.
  3. Saudi Arabia. 
  4. New Zealand. 
  5. Israel. 

10

A constitution that can be amended through ordinary law making process is said to be


A
written
B
unwritten
C
rigid
D
flexible

Correct Option: D

Solution

Flexible Constitution is a constitution that is not defined or set apart in a distinct document and that is not distinguishable from other law in the way in which its terms can be legislatively altered. A flexible constitution can be easily amended when need rises


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