2016 WAEC Government Past Questions & Answers - page 1

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1

Bye-laws are made through


A
delegated legislation
B
executive instrument
C
presidential order
D
emergency power

Correct Option: A

Solution

Delegated legislation means the exercise of legislative power by an agency that is subordinate to the legislature.

Not all laws are made by the government. Some Acts of Parliament give other organisations the power to make laws– usually local councils.


2

Power is transformed into legal authority through


A
force
B
prayers
C
influence
D
legitimacy

Correct Option: D

Solution

 Legitimacy is a political concept which refers to the acceptance and recognition by the citizens of a country the right of their rulers to govern. Power is  transformed into legal authority by legitimizing it.


3
Conventions are mostly used by states that have

A
a large number of illiterates
B
a lot of people not interested in political activities
C
unwritten constitution
D
rigid constitution

Correct Option: C

No further explanations yet...

4

One advantage of a flexible constitution is that it


A
can lead to dictatorship
B
can easily be manipulated
C
is best suited for a federation
D
can be amended by a simple majority

Correct Option: D

Solution

1. A flexible constitution can be amended with the same ease and facility with which ordinary laws are altered. (with a simple majority voting in favor of its amendment)

2.  A flexible constitution can easily adopt the needs of people with the change of time because of its elasticity.

3. A flexible constitution is very useful for developing a country, because it is a great expression of its development. It does not hinder progress due to it's adaptability. 

4. Flexible constitution is moulded by the conventions of national life. 


5

A constitution that requires complicated procedure for its amendment is


A
rigid
B
flexible
C
written
D
unwritten

Correct Option: A

Solution

Rigid constitution is  a constitution that is difficult or slow to change usually because of a prescribed process of amendment that is detailed and lengthy


6

The official who enforces discipline among members of his party in parliament is the


A
majority leader
B
minority leader
C
clerk of the House
D
chief whip

Correct Option: D

Solution

The Chief Whip is a political office in some legislatures whose task is to administer the whipping system that tries to ensure that members of the party attend and vote as the party leadership desires.

 


7

When an action of the executive is declared ultra-vires, it is a control exercised by the


A
public
B
minister
C
judiciary
D
parliament

Correct Option: C

Solution

ultra-vires means acting or done beyond one's legal power or authority.


8

In a presidential system of government, the president can constitutionally be removed from the office through


A
persuasion
B
impeachment
C
coup d' etat
D
vote -of-no- confidence

Correct Option: B

Solution

Impeachment is the process by which a legislative body levels charges against a government official. it is one of the ways a president can be removed  from office


9

One of the features of an absolute monarch is that the ruler


A
is elected by the electorate
B
has a definite tenure of office
C
is elected by the representatives of the people
D
wields the supreme power in a state

Correct Option: D

Solution

 Absolute monarchy, or absolutism, meant that the ultimate authority to run a state was in the hands of a king who ruled by divine right.


10

A notable feature of cabinet system of government is


A
collective responsibility
B
the separation of powers
C
violation of human rights
D
impeachment of the executive

Correct Option: A

Solution

The most distinctive characteristic of a Cabinet system of government is the complete and continuous responsibility of the executive to the legislature. Collectively, the Cabinet shapes the programme of legislation which is submitted to Parliament and from it emanates the broad and general policies.


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