2018 WAEC Government Past Questions & Answers - page 4

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31

public opinion can be measured through all of the following except the?


A
imposition of laws without any debate
B
conduct of opinion
C
general review
D
holding of referendum in a state

Correct Option: A

Solution

The public's opinion  about a governement cant be measured or ascertained through the imposition of laws, rather government can get to know what people think about a particular issue affecting the country by conducting opinion polls, surveys. It's most often determined through public opinion polls, these polls are surveys commissioned by various groups in order to determine people's thoughts on particular matters. These polls are conducted by polling organizations, which are businesses that measure public opinion through strategic methods. other methods include, reviews of policies, organizing seminars, fairs, referendums etc

 

 

 

 


32

An electoral system which allows party members to elect candidates for elective offices is called?


A
by election
B
primary election
C
general election
D
direct election

Correct Option: B

Solution

Primary election. A primary election is an election used either to narrow the field of candidates for a given elective office or to determine the nominees for political parties in advance of a general election. it is an electoral process where members of a political party can indicate their preference for a candidate in an upcoming general election or by-election, thus narrowing the field of candidates.


33

on which of the following grounds can a citizen abstain from voting


A
religion
B
education
C
wealth
D
status

Correct Option: D

Solution

The status of an individual plays a major role in determining their ability to vote in an election.  The law is very clear on electoral processes and exceptions. foreigners, convicted criminals who are still serving time in prisons and under age people are not eligible to vote. In nigeria for instance, A voting age is a minimum age established by law that a person must attain before they can participate in the voting process and the legal age is 18 years. one's status is a mamjor determinat of their eligibility to vote or not to vote in an election.


34

Indirect election is best described as?


A
only women electing legislators
B
the citizenry electing legislators
C
electoral college electing legislators
D
only adults electing legislators

Correct Option: C

Solution

An indirect election is an election in which voters do not choose between candidates for an office, but elect people who then choose. It is one of the oldest forms of elections, and is still used today for many presidents, cabinets, upper houses, and supranational legislatures. Presidents and prime ministers can be indirectly elected by parliaments or by a special body convened solely for that purpose. The election of the executive government in most parliamentary systems is indirect: ''the citizens elect the parliamentarians, who then elect the government including most prominently the prime minister from among themselves''. 

An electoral college is a set of electors who are selected to elect a candidate to a particular office. Often these represent different organizations, political parties etc.


35

The class that controls and supervises the activities of the executive class in the civil service is?


A
clerical class
B
manipulative class
C
professional class
D
administrative class

Correct Option: D

Solution

An executive administrator is responsible for the administrative tasks of executives. In this position, one can expect to conduct research, create statistical reports, and prepare agendas for top management. Other tasks may include overseeing the office budget and ordering office supplies. The admnisitrative class oversee the running of the office by administering basic office procecedures and templates to enable the executive carry out their functions


36

The agency responsible for iinvestigating allegation of maladministration and purnishing offending career officers in the executive is the?


A
federal character commission
B
ethics commission
C
judicial commission
D
public/civil service commission

Correct Option: D

Solution

civil service commission is a government agency that is constituted by legislature to regulate the employment and working conditions of civil servants, oversee hiring and promotions, and promote the values of the public service, and to exercise disciplinary control over all Federal Civil Servants


37

The anonymity of civil servants means that they should not be? 


A
prosecuted for any professional misconduct
B
disciplined because of their expertise
C
above the law of the land
D
praised or blamed publicly

Correct Option: D

Solution

Anonymity (civil service) The anonymity of the civil service is linked to two concepts: permanence and neutrality. Civil servants, many of whom remain in their jobs whilst serving numerous governments, are thus likely to have to give advice to governments of different political parties, who may have different attitudes to policy. And it follows from both of the above that civil servants cannot be held accountable for the success or failure of government policy, for otherwise their public explanations could contain criticisms of their political masters.


38

The following were limitations imposed on traditional rulers under colonial rule except?


A
were not permitted to raise armed forces
B
had no power to impose tax
C
had no power to install or dispose a chief
D
were no longer spiritual heads of the people

Correct Option: D

Solution

The following are the limitations imposed on the traditional rulers by  the colonial masters.

  1. Chiefs barred from forming an army
  2. No power to impose taxes
  3. No power of legislation
  4. Governor to sanction the enstoolment of chiefs
  5. Barred from Settling  inter-tribal conflicts through war

39

A system of administration which allowed traditional rulers to rule their people under the supervision of the British officials in West Africa is?


A
divide and rule
B
colonization
C
indirect rule
D
assimilation

Correct Option: C

Solution

Indirect Rule is the system of government in which the traditional structures of the local people were employed in the administration of the British overseas territories in West Africa. Indirect rule was a system of governance used by the British and French to control parts of their colonial empires, particularly in Africa and Asia, through pre-existing indigenous power structures. These dependencies were often called "protectorates" or "trucial states". Traditional rulers were used as intermediaries between the british and their colonies. 


40

local government is established in order to?


A
bring government nearer to the people
B
build churches and mosque
C
curb corruption in the society
D
promote political apathy

Correct Option: A

Solution

Grassroots participation in governance. One of the major reasons for the creation of local government in Nigeria is to bring governance closer to the people. Participation by the citizens-in-governance is one of the underlying precepts of democracy and the modern notion of government.


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