1990 - JAMB Government Past Questions & Answers - page 1

1
Capitalism is an economic system which emphasizes
A
communalism
B
collectivism
C
individualism
D
internationalism
CORRECT OPTION: c
2
A country made up of semi autonomous units is
A
a confederation
B
a federation
C
a region
D
unitary
CORRECT OPTION: b
A federacy is a form of government with features of both a federation and unitary state. In a federacy, at least one of the constituent parts of the state is autonomous, while the other constituent parts are either not autonomous or comparatively less autonomous
3
When a state is subject to no other authority it is said to be
A
powerful
B
legitimate
C
authoritative
D
sovereign
CORRECT OPTION: d
4
The major advantage of the principle of separation of powers is that it provides for
A
an executive premier
B
a powerful legislature
C
a very strong executive
D
checks and balances
CORRECT OPTION: d
5
One of the factors that led to the decline of feudalism is
A
opposition to the system by the wealthy
B
industrialization
C
opposition
D
the discovery of new lands
CORRECT OPTION: c
6
The cabinet can be described as a link between the
A
executive and legislature
B
legislature and electorate
C
executive and judiciary
D
legislature and local government councils
CORRECT OPTION: a
7
Unicameralism refers to
A
a two-chamber legislature
B
the process of secret voting in the legislature
C
the lower chamber in a legislature
D
a one-chamber legislature
CORRECT OPTION: d
8
While pressure groups aim at influencing government decisions, the primary aim of political parties is to
A
promote the welfare of their members
B
execute particular programmes
C
influence legislation in order to benefit their members
D
control political power
CORRECT OPTION: d
9
Delegated legislation is justified by the
A
Superior knowledge of issues by the executive
B
fear that public debates in parliaments would endanger national security
C
slow and unwieldy process of decision making in legislative houses
D
constitutional superiority of the executive over the legislative branch of government
CORRECT OPTION: d
10
The obligation to pay taxes regularly is justified because
A
citizens choose their own government
B
citizens enjoy services provided by government
C
government does not discriminate in its provision of services to different parts of the nation
D
taxes are only source of government revenue
CORRECT OPTION: b
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