2022 - JAMB Government Past Questions & Answers - page 1

1

The highest authority in the Yoruba pre-colonial era was the _____

A

Ogboni

B

Oba

C

Oyomesi

D

Balogun

CORRECT OPTION: b

Option B is the correct answer. 

The highest authority in the Yoruba kingdom is the Oba. He is popularly known as the Alaafin of Oyo. He serves as the political and spiritual of the Oyo kingdom. 

2

The philosophy behind Nigerian federalism is  

A

unity in diversity

B

sectional development

C

review of sectionalism

D

colonial rule

CORRECT OPTION: a

Option A is the correct answer. 

The phrase "Unity in diversity" emphasizes unity among individuals with diverse cultural, religious beliefs, social status, and demographic differences. In Nigeria, a nation with a large population, people with diverse beliefs, traditions, and religions coexist.

3

One of the constitutional requirements for the registration of political parties in Nigeria is ______

A

provision for review of party manifesto

B

ofices in at least 12 states

C

menbership from at least 12 states

D

national presence in the federal capital territory

CORRECT OPTION: d

Option D is the correct answer.

With its headquarters in the Federal Capital Territory, the Party in its formation must show proof that it owns or rents offices in at least 24 States of the Federation.

4

The Security Council of the United Nations Organization has

A

five permanent members

B

seven permanent members

C

four permanent members

D

three permanent members.

CORRECT OPTION: a

Option A is the correct answer. 

There are 15 members of the Security Council, with 5 permanent members having veto power.

5

The oversight function is performed by the

A

judiciary

B

executive

C

court

D

legislature

CORRECT OPTION: d

Option D is the correct answer. 

The oversight function is performed by the legislative branch of government. The legislative branch is responsible for making laws and overseeing the implementation of those laws by the executive branch.

6

Before the emergence of OAU as a regional body, Nigeria belonged to

A

Casablanca group

B

Monrovia group

C

Casablanca/Brazzavılle group

D

Brazzaville group

CORRECT OPTION: b

Option B is the correct answer. 

Before the emergence of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) as a regional body, Nigeria belonged to the Monrovia Group. The Monrovia Group was one of two regional groupings of African states during the Cold War period, the other being the Casablanca Group.

The Monrovia Group consisted of countries that sought to promote cooperation and unity among African states and promote their interests in the international community.

7

The political rights of a citızen include the

A

freedom of speech

B

right to employment

C

right to vote

D

right to lıfe

CORRECT OPTION: c

Option C is the correct answer. 

The right to vote is a political right of a citizen to participate in the election of his/her government representatives, making it a cornerstone of democratic societies. It enables citizens to have a say in the decision-making process and hold their elected officials accountable.

8

One of the features of rule of law is that an

A

offender is a deterrent

B

accused is a culprit before trial

C

accused must receive fair hearing

D

accused is an offender

CORRECT OPTION: c

Option C is the correct answer. 

The right to a fair hearing is a fundamental feature of the rule of law. It requires that an accused person be given the opportunity to present evidence and arguments in their defense and to have an impartial decision-maker determine the outcome of their case.

9

The first Legislative Councıl in Nigeria was established by

A

Clifford Constitution

B

Richards Constitution

C

Macpherson Constitution

D

Lytleton Constitution

CORRECT OPTION: a

Option A is the correct answer. 

The first Legislative Council in Nigeria was established by the Clifford Constitution in 1922. And this was a significant milestone in the constitutional development of Nigeria. 

10

An electoral system in which the winner must secure more than 50% of the vote is described as a/an

A

plurality system

B

proportional representation

C

an absolute majority

D

electoral oblıgation

CORRECT OPTION: c

Option C is the correct answer. 

An absolute majority electoral system requires a candidate to receive more than 50% of the votes in order to win. This means that a candidate must receive a clear and decisive mandate from the voters, rather than just a simple plurality, which is the most votes, but not necessarily a majority. This type of system helps ensure that the winner has broad support and legitimacy.

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