Theories of Population - SS1 Economics Past Questions & Answers - page 1

1

Who proposed the Malthusian theory of population?

A

Adam Smith

B

 Thomas Malthus

C

Karl Marx

D

John Maynard Keynes

 

CORRECT OPTION: b
2

What does the Malthusian theory suggest about population growth?

A

Population growth will eventually outstrip the available resources

B

Population growth will always be in balance with the available resources

C

Population growth will decrease as resources become more scarce

D

Population growth has no impact on resource availability

CORRECT OPTION: a
3

What is the demographic theory of population?

 

A

Population growth is driven by changes in fertility, mortality, and migration patterns

 

B

Population growth is determined solely by economic factors

 

 

C

Population growth is determined solely by environmental factors

D

Population growth is determined solely by social factors

CORRECT OPTION: a
4

How does the demographic theory differ from the Malthusian theory?

A

The demographic theory suggests that population growth is influenced by a variety of factors, while the Malthusian theory focuses on resource availability

B

The demographic theory suggests that population growth is always beneficial, while the Malthusian theory suggests it can lead to poverty and famine

C

The demographic theory suggests that population growth is only influenced by economic factors, while the Malthusian theory considers environmental factors as well

D

The demographic theory and the Malthusian theory are essentially the same

 

CORRECT OPTION: a
5

How does migration impact population growth according to the demographic theory?

A

Migration can increase or decrease population growth depending on the direction of movement

B

Migration has no impact on population growth

C

Migration can only impact mortality rates, not population growth

D

Migration can only impact economic conditions, not population growth

CORRECT OPTION: a
6

What does the Malthusian theory suggest about the relationship between population growth and resource availability?

The Malthusian theory, proposed by Thomas Malthus, suggests that population growth will eventually outstrip the available resources, leading to a decline in living standards and an increase in poverty and famine.

7

What are the main factors that influence population growth according to the demographic theory?

The demographic theory suggests that population growth is driven by changes in fertility, mortality, and migration patterns, and is influenced by economic, social, and political factors.

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