Environmental Problems (Hazards) II - SS2 Geography Past Questions & Answers - page 1

1

What is coastal erosion?

 

A

The removal of trees in a forest

 

B

The overflow of water onto land

 

C

The gradual loss of land along a coastline

 

D

The formation of new beaches

 

CORRECT OPTION: c
2

Which of the following is a primary cause of coastal erosion?

 

A

Heavy rainfall

 

B

Deforestation

C

Wave action

 

D

 Air pollution

 

CORRECT OPTION: c
3

What is a significant effect of flooding?

 

A

Enhanced biodiversity

 

B

Reduced property damage

 

C

Displacement of people

 

D

Decreased economic impact

 

CORRECT OPTION: c
4

Which activity does not contribute to deforestation?

 

A

Logging for timber

 

B

Planting new trees

 

C

Clearing land for agriculture

 

D

Building infrastructure

 

CORRECT OPTION: b
5

In the context of coastal erosion, what is "beach nourishment"?

 

A

A type of sandcastle building competition

 

B

The process of adding sand or sediment to beaches

 

C

A technique for planting trees on the coastline

 

D

A form of coastal retreat

 

CORRECT OPTION: b
6

What is a natural cause of flooding?

 

A

Urbanization

B

Climate change

 

C

Snowmelt

D

Dam failure

 

CORRECT OPTION: c
7

Which region is particularly affected by deforestation?

A

Arctic tundra

 

B

Temperate forests

 

C

Tropical rainforests

 

D

Desert areas

 

CORRECT OPTION: c
8

How can climate change exacerbate coastal erosion?

 

A

By reducing rainfall

 

B

By causing sea-level rise and more intense storms

 

C

By promoting urbanization

 

D

By increasing tree cover

 

CORRECT OPTION: c
9

What is a common effect of flooding on communities?

A

Enhanced agricultural productivity

 

B

Economic growth

 

C

Loss of life and property

 

D

Reduced pollution

 

CORRECT OPTION: c
10

What is the primary cause of deforestation in tropical regions?

 

A

Increased biodiversity

 

B

Urban expansion

 

C

Responsible logging practices

 

D

Reforestation efforts

 

CORRECT OPTION: b
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