Environmental Problems (Hazards) - SS2 Geography Past Questions & Answers - page 1

1

What is the primary cause of drought?

 

A

Overpopulation

B

Climate change

 

C

Urbanization

D

Volcanic eruptions

 

CORRECT OPTION: b
2

What does desert encroachment refer to?

 

A

Growth of forests in arid regions

 

B

Expansion of deserts into habitable areas

 

C

Decrease in sand dunes

 

D

Increased rainfall in arid regions

 

CORRECT OPTION: b
3

Which of the following is a major source of air pollution?

A

Reforestation

B

Solar energy

 

C

Vehicle emissions

 

D

Wind turbines

 

CORRECT OPTION: c
4

Deforestation primarily occurs due to:

 

A

Planting more trees

 

B

Increased urban development

 

C

Forest preservation efforts

 

D

Large-scale tree removal

 

CORRECT OPTION: d
5

What is the impact of soil erosion on agriculture?

 

A

Increased crop yields

 

B

Improved soil fertility

 

C

Reduced agricultural productivity

D

Enhanced water retenti

CORRECT OPTION: c
6

What is one solution to combat desert encroachment?

 

A

Reduce rainfall in affected areas

 

B

Implement sustainable land management

 

C

Encourage more sand dunes

 

D

Plant more crops in arid regions

 

CORRECT OPTION: b
7

The main cause of water pollution is:

 

A

Efficient wastewater treatment

 

B

Sustainable fishing practices

 

C

Industrial discharges

 

D

Reduced human population

 

CORRECT OPTION: c
8

How can pollution be reduced in urban areas?

 

A

Increase industrial activities

 

B

Promote the use of electric vehicles

 

C

Cut down more trees

D

Use more plastic materials

CORRECT OPTION: b
9

What is the primary effect of deforestation on climate?

 

A

Cooling of the atmosphere

 

B

Increased rainfall

 

C

Disruption of carbon cycles

 

D

Enhanced biodiversity

 

CORRECT OPTION: c
10

What is the primary goal of reforestation?

 

A

To clear forests for development

 

B

To reduce the number of trees

 

C

To plant new trees in deforested areas

 

D

To encourage deforestation

 

CORRECT OPTION: c
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