2011 - WAEC Government Past Questions & Answers - page 1

1

Government as an institution of the state is defined as a body which

A
conducts elections for the country
B
makes, enforces and interprets laws for the state
C
hires and trains political leaders
D
makes and interprets laws
CORRECT OPTION: b

government is an institution entrusted with making and enforcing the rules of a society as well as with regulating relations with other societies. In order to be considered a government, a ruling body must be recognized as such by the people it purports to govern.

2

The study of government in school is important because the students can

A
be assisted by political leaders
B
learn about their rights
C
quality for elections
D
be nominated for a trip abroad
CORRECT OPTION: b

1.It helps the individual to understand the processes by which the affairs of a country are managed.

2.The study also enhances political awareness among it citizenry.

3.The study of Government promotes knowledge and mental development.

4. learn about their rights as citizens of that country 

3

The primary function of government in a state is to

A
maintain law and order
B
provide transport services
C
engage in campaigns and rallies
D
imprison criminals
CORRECT OPTION: a

The Primary functions of The Goverment are to maintain order,settle conflicts,and protect the community. The Government guides us by setting policies, butgets and interact with other communities. They also provide help that certain people cant address independently.

4

The functions of the state are achieved through

A
political socialization
B
separation of powers
C
organs of government
D
diplomatic means
CORRECT OPTION: c

The functions of the state are achieved through the three organs of governments which are Legislature Executive and judiciary

5

A unique feature of a state is

A
information
B
anarchy
C
organized laws
D
direct democracy
CORRECT OPTION: c

In order for an area to be considered a state, it must have a permanent population, a defined territory, a government and sovereignty.

6

Ability to enforce obedience is known as

A
legitimacy
B
power
C
influence
D
fame
CORRECT OPTION: b

power is the ability to influence or outright control the behavior of people. An authority held by a group within a society that allows for the administration of public resources and implement policies for society. Power may be acquired as a means of governmental direction or in opposition to a government group.

7

A major source of political power is

A
election
B
force
C
influence
D
ombudsman
CORRECT OPTION: a

Political power rests with the citizens. In turn, citizens grant political power to their leaders through elections. This view appeals to our democratic sensibilities, but it may not be correct. After all, throughout most of human history—and in many parts of the world today—strong and stable governments ignored their citizens.

8

Power is transferred into authority through

A
force
B
legitimacy
C
judiciary
D
sovereighty
CORRECT OPTION: b

Authority is having the legitimate right to wield power (police and military commanders have the authority to command others, professors have the authority to teach, certified mechanics have the authority to repair cars. 

9

Political authority is the

A
legitimate right to exercise political power
B
ability to control political behaviour
C
right to participate in political campaigns
D
right to form political parties
CORRECT OPTION: a

political authority describes any of the moral principles legitimizing differences between individuals' rights and duties by virtue of their relationship with the state. Political authority grants members of a government the right to rule over citizens using coercion if necessary, while imposing an obligation for the citizens to obey government orders.

10

The extent to which the citizens accept the institutions, official and activities of government is known as

A
authority
B
permission
C
legitimacy
D
power
CORRECT OPTION: c

In political science, legitimacy is the right and acceptance of an authority, usually a governing law or a régime.

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