2012 - WAEC Government Past Questions & Answers - page 1

1

The study of government is important because it

A
directs people's attention to development of non-state institutions
B
enables citizens to understand the processes for managing state affairs
C
encourages individuals to take decisions that satisfy their aspirations
D
encourages the elite to remain in power
CORRECT OPTION: b

The purpose of studying government  as found in the Preamble of the Constitution, is to "establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Libertyto ourselves and our posterity." this will enable citizens to understand their rights and avoid abuse of those rights by people whome they had choosed to represent them. 

2

A system of government where political powers are inherited is called

A
monarchy
B
diarchy
C
democracy
D
aristocracy
CORRECT OPTION: a

A monarchy is a form of government in which a single person holds supreme authority in ruling a country, also performing ceremonial duties and embodying the country's national identity. Although some monarchs are elected, in most cases, the monarch's position is inherited and lasts until death or abdication. In these cases, the royal family or members of the dynasty usually serve in official capacities as well. The governing power of the monarch may vary from purely symbolic (crowned republic), to partial and restricted (constitutional monarchy), to completely autocratic (absolute monarchy).

3

Democracy can be promoted through

A
genymandering
B
slander
C
accountability
D
lobbying
CORRECT OPTION: c

Without a good and workable constitution, democracy cannot be promoted. A constitution is the set of rules that a country is governed by. with this, accountability can used as a tool to checkmate leaders who may get overboard with the power vested on them.  

4

The ability to command obedience is called

A
authority
B
influence
C
legitimacy
D
mobilization
CORRECT OPTION: a

Authority the power or right to give orders, make decisions, and enforce obedience. It is the right to exercise power, which can be formalized by a state and exercised by way of judges, appointed executives of government, or the ecclesiastical or priestly appointed representatives of a God or other deities.

5

Legitimacy is determined mainly by

A
charisma
B
influence
C
acceptance
D
desire
CORRECT OPTION: c

legitimacy is the right and acceptance of an authority, usually a governing law or a régime.

6

Which of the following is a feature of democracy?

A
Majority rule
B
Election by selected adults
C
Quick decision making
D
Rule by wealth men
CORRECT OPTION: a

 

  1. All the major decisions are taken by the candidates elected by people.
  2. Elections provide with fair opportunity to the people to change the present government.
  3. The opportunity of dissolving the government is equal for all.
  4. Regular elections and the option of dissolution makes up the government
7

Which of the following is a source of political power?

A
Gerrymandering
B
Election
C
filibuster
D
Immunity
CORRECT OPTION: b

Political power rests with the citizens. In turn, citizens grant political power to their leaders through elections.

8

Laws made by the legislative bodies are called

A
judiciary review
B
statutory laws
C
criminal laws
D
case law
CORRECT OPTION: b

Legislation (or " statutory law ") is law which has been promulgated (or " enacted ") by a legislature or other governing body or the process of making it. Before an item of legislation becomes law it may be known as a bill, and may be broadly referred to as "legislation", while it remains under consideration to distinguish it from other business.

...A legislature is the law-making body of a political unit, usually a national government, that has power to amend and repeal public policy. Laws enacted by legislatures are known as delegated legislation

9

Delegated legislation is unpopular because it

A
quickens the lawmaking process
B
receives wide publicity
C
is not made by the legislature
D
calters for emergency situations
CORRECT OPTION: c

Delegated legislation is law that is not passed by an Act of Parliament but by a government minister, a delegated person or an entity

10

Political socialization begins from

A
adulthood
B
childhood
C
old age
D
manhood
CORRECT OPTION: b

In children. Political socialization begins in childhood. Some research suggests that family and school teachers are the most influential factors in socializing children, but recent research designs have more accurately estimated the high influence of the media in the process of political socialization.

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