2006 - JAMB Government Past Questions & Answers - page 1

1
The ECOWAS Tribunal is responsible for
A
ratifying the international treaties for member states
B
trying erring member states of ECOWAS
C
ensuring compliance with global treaties
D
interpreting ECOWAS treaties
CORRECT OPTION: d
The ECOWAS Tribunal is responsible for interpreting ECOWAS treaties. The ECOWAS Tribunal is the judicial organ of the community.

Functions:

1. It ensures that law and justice prevail in the interpretation and implementation of ECOWAS treaty.

2. It settles disputes among the members of the community.
2
The chairman of the UN Security Council emerges through
A
consensus
B
rotation
C
election
D
selection
CORRECT OPTION: c
The chairman of the UN Security Council emerges through election. The 5 permanent members in most cases referred to the ''Big Five'' are France, USA, Britain, Russia and China. The 10 (ten) non-permanent members are elected by the General Assembly for a term of two years and cannot be re-elected for immediate second term.
3
The transformation of the OAU to AU is essentially to
A
enhance Africa's economic developement
B
accelerate Africa's technological developement
C
accelerate Africa's political develpement
D
promote Africa's socio-cultural advancement
CORRECT OPTION: d
The transformation of the OAU to AU is essentially to promote Africa's socio-cultural advancement
4
Judges of the World Court are appointed to serve for
A
five years
B
ten years
C
four years
D
nine years
CORRECT OPTION: d
Judges of the World Court are appointed to serve for nine years. The Court is made up of 15 (fifteen) independent eminent and high moral character judges with highest judicial qualifications and experience. The judges are elected by the Security Council and the General Assembly for a nine year tenure.
5
The highest decision-making organ of OPEC is the
A
Conference
B
Special Fund
C
Board of Governors
D
Secretariate
CORRECT OPTION: a
The Conference is the highest decision-making organ of OPEC. The Conference is the highest and the most powerful of all the organs of OPEC.

The Conference takes major decisions in terms of fixing of oil prices and the determination of the production level of oil for each member country.

Other Functions are as follows:

1. Formulation of the general policy of the organization and determination of the appropriate methods and means of its implementation.

2. Appointment of the Secretary-General the Deputy Secretary, the Chairman and the alternate Chairman of the Board of Governors.

3. Approves the appointment of the members of the Board of Governors.

4. Considers application for membership of the OPEC

5. Considers and approves the budget for the organisation submitted by the Board of Governors.

6. Considers and approves all reports and recommendations submitted by the Board of Governors concerning the affairs of the organisation.

7. Approves the appointment of auditors that audit the account of the organisation.
6
Diplomatic missions among the Commonwealth member states are referred to as
A
legations
B
high commissions
C
embassies
D
consulates
CORRECT OPTION: b
Diplomatic mission among Commonwealth member states are referred to as High Commission. The Minister representing the Government of his country in such a member country is known as High Commissioner.
7
The New Partnership for Africa's Development was mainly promoted by
A
Kenya,South Africa and Senegal
B
Nigeria,Senegal and South Africa
C
Ghana,Sierra Leone and Nigeria
D
Tanzania,Burkina Faso and Egypt
CORRECT OPTION: c
The New Partnership for Africa's Development was mainly promoted by Ghana,Sierra Leone and Nigeria
8
Nigeria became a front line state in the Southern Africa liberation struggle because of her
A
commitment to end colonialism
B
influence on African proxy wars
C
connection with South Africa
D
anti-apartheid stance
CORRECT OPTION: d
Nigeria became a frontline state in the Southern African Liberation struggle because of her anti-apartheid stance.

It should be recalled that Nigeria nationalized the Assets of British Petroleum because the company supported Apartheid Policy in South Africa which was highly against Nigeria's interests. Nigeria also championed the boycott of countries that supported and aided racism and apartheid in Africa.
9
Nigeria's first participation in a United Nations peace-keeping operation was in
A
Angola
B
Lebanon
C
Chad
D
Congo
CORRECT OPTION: d
Nigeria's first participation in a United Nations peace-keeping operation was in Congo.

Nigeria gained her Independence on the 1st of October 1960 and no sooner Nigeria became independent than she became a staunch member of United Nations Organisation. Then by the year 1960, Nigerian troops landed in Congo as one of peace-keeping contingents.
10
One major determinant of Nigeria's foreign policy is
A
external influences
B
commitment to world peace
C
cooperation among African States
D
non-alignmenty in world affairs
CORRECT OPTION: c
One major determinant of Nigeria's foreign policy is cooperation among African States. Nigeria's foreign policy considers African affairs before those of other countries or continents.
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