2009 - JAMB Government Past Questions & Answers - page 1

1
The Inspector General of Police is appointed by the executive on the advice of the
A
Nigerian Police Council
B
Police Service Commission
C
House of Representatives
D
Senate of the Federal Republic
CORRECT OPTION: a
The Inspector General of Police is appointed by the executive on the advice of the Nigerian Police Council According to 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, the functions of Nigeria Police Council include:

1. The organization and administration of Nigeria Police Force and all other matters rating to the thereto (not being matters relating to the use and operational control of the Force or the appointment disciplinary control and dismissal of members of the Force): and

2. The general supervision of the Nigerian Police Force; and

3. advising the President on the appointment of the Inspector General of Police.
2
A major problem associated with the Nigerian federalism is
A
ethnic conflicts
B
environmental pollution
C
boundary disputes
D
fiscal allocation
CORRECT OPTION: a
A major problem associated with the Nigerian federalism is ethnic conflicts. There has been inter ethnic contact in the various regions but without discrimination and bitter experiences. The issue of neutralization of Lagos in 1953 would have strongly made Chief Obafemi Awolowo to lead the Yorubas to secede from Nigeria but for the threat of war from the Governor and the Colonial office in London. The real secession which was experienced in Nigeria was that of the then Eastern Region in the year 1967. The secession was as a result of the 1966 military coup which was followed by the pogrom that was perpetrated against the Igbos in the North. The East declared the Republic of Biafra and engaged Nigeria in a civil war from 1967-1970. This question of ethnic conflicts has also given rise to other serious issues such has unending demand for creating more states and acceptable revenue allocation formula.
3
The six African members of the Nigerian Council were nominated by the
A
Queen
B
district officers
C
natives
D
governors
CORRECT OPTION: d
The six African members of the Nigerian Council were nominated by the governors. The Council was enlarged after the amalgamation so as to cope with the expected increase in problems resulting from increased territory. It was made up of 36 members consisting of the Governor, members of the Executive Council, First Class Residents, Political Secretaries of Northern and Southern provinces as officials. Europeans representing such interests as chambers of Commerce, shipping, banking, mining and six Nigerians nominated by the governor.
4
In the Second Republic, the total membership of each House of Assembly was determined by the
A
electoral commission
B
political parties
C
constitution
D
electorate
CORRECT OPTION: c
In the Second Republic, the total membership of each House of Assembly was determined by the Constitution. Going through the Structure of the 1979 Constitution, one should be able to realize that the Constitution was similar to the American Presidential system of government with separation of powers; The legislature, the Executive, etc .
Coming to the noted that the National Assembly was made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Senate was was made up of 450 members 449 have been distributed to the states according to the size and the remaining one being reserved for the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja.
Qualified members of the parliament were to be Nigerian citizens up to the age of 30 for the Senate and 21 for the House of Representatives.
Unqualified ones were those with another country's citizenship, lunatics, those under death sentence, undischarged bankrupts, convicts, public servants, etc. The State Assembly was a unicameral legislature which was a unicameral legislature which was made up of Representatives. According to the Constitution, qualified candidates must have attained the age of 21.
5
Privatization and commercialization programmes in Nigeria have
A
increased public utilities
B
de-emphasized government ownership
C
reduced government revenue
D
encouraged corruption
CORRECT OPTION: b
Privatization and Commercialization programmes in Nigeria have de-emphasized government ownership. This should be clearly seen when we look at the respective definitions of Privatization and Commercialization.

Privatization: This may be defined as the reduction of the burden borne by the government in the provision of goods and services by transferring some of this to the private sector. Full privatization means that government will sell of its controlling shares to the private sector while partial privatization means that reduction of government shares from 60 to 40 percent.

Commercialization: This is the alteration of the capital base of a government company and its modes of operation to enable it engage in business for the sole purpose of making profits.
Companies under full commercialization will no more receive any subvention from the government while those under those under partial commercialization will receive government subvention but will be expected to generate, at least 50 percent of their financial needs from their own operations.
6
The fear of domination in the public service led to the
A
adoption of population as a formula for revenue allocation
B
establishment of the Civil Service Commission
C
introduction of rotational presidency
D
establishment of the Federal Character Commission
CORRECT OPTION: d
The fear of domination in the public service led to the establishment of the Federal Character refers to distribution of amenities and resources or appointments based on quota system. This is to be applied in the three tiers of government in the country. E.G. Political appointments, Location of Unity secondary Schools, Board, Admission into tertiary in institutions, Location of iron tertiary institutions, Location of iron and Steel Mills.

Some of the Factors responsible for the introduction of Federal Characters include:

1. To ensure Unity, Stability, etc.

2. Discrimination

3. Struggle for Lion's share

4. Fear of Domination.
7
In the Igbo political system,the most senior member of the council of elders is the
A
Okpara
B
Obi
C
Eze
D
Ofo
CORRECT OPTION: a
In the Igbo political system, the most senior member of the council of elders is the Okpara. The Igbo political system was based on the village as a political unit.

A village is then seen as made up of a group of related families. Each family head held the Ofo title and all of them put together formed the council of elders. The council of elders governed the village. Among the Ofo title holders, one of them was regarded as the most senior to as the Okpara and he had the right to preside over the council of elders meetings.
8
The immediate cause of the 1966 military coup de'etat in Nigeria was
A
nepotism
B
political instability
C
military ambition
D
corruption
CORRECT OPTION: b
The immediate cause of the 1966 military coup de'etat in Nigeria was political instability. It should be noted that the Action Group Crises of 1962 was one of the crisis that led to the military take-over of government in January 1966. The 1962 Action Group crisis continued to rear its ugly head, until Western Nigeria election crisis of 1965. The disagreement over the election result between UPGA and NNA in Western region resulted to a crisis which led to a breakdown of law and order. This situation attracted military intervention on 15th January, 1966.
9
The exclusive list is reserved for legislation by the
A
regional government
B
state government
C
local government
D
federal government
CORRECT OPTION: d
The exclusive list is reserved for legislation by the Federal Government. There are about forty three exclusive lists.

Concurrent powers are left for both federal and the state governments while residual lists are reserved for the states only.
10
The participation of Nigerians in the Second World War created in the nationalists the awareness that the
A
Africans were superior
B
Africans were more qualified to rule
C
Europeans were not superior
D
Europeans were less tactful in warefare
CORRECT OPTION: c
The Participation of Nigerians in the Second World War created in the nationalists the awareness that the Europeans were not superior.

Their participation in the war, made them to know more about the white people, and realized that they were in no way superior to Africans including Nigerians.
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