2020 - JAMB Government Past Questions & Answers - page 1

1

A constitution is a legal document _________

 

A

drawn up by lawyers

B

enacted by military decrees

C

forming the basis upon which a government rules the country

D

only likely to succeed in countries where there is union government

CORRECT OPTION: c

A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles or established precedents that constitute the legal basis of a polity, organisation or other type of entity and commonly determine how that entity is to be governed. Wikipedia

 

2

A government in which control of ultimate power is by a few who rule in their selfish interest is classified as _________

A

an oligarchy

B

a dictatorship

C

an aristocracy

D

a monarchy

CORRECT OPTION: a

An oligarchy is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people. These people may or may not be distinguished by one or several characteristics, such as nobility, celebrity, wealth, education, corporate, religious, political, or military control. Wikipedia

3

The judicial organ of government is the body which _________

A

implements the law

B

makes the law

C

punishes lawbreakers

D

interprets the law

CORRECT OPTION: d

The judiciary is the arm of government that administers justice according to law. The term is used to refer broadly to the courts, judges, magistrates, adjudicators and other support personnel who run the system.

4

Which of the following was not established by the 1979 Nigerian constitution ?

A

Police Service Commission

B

National Universities Commission

C

Federal Electoral Commission

D

National Population Commission

CORRECT OPTION: b

The 1979 constitution tried to avoid the pitfalls of the First Republic

5

Rates are generally collected in Nigeria by ________

A

the State Ministry of Finance

B

the Department of inland Revenue

C

the Emirate of Traditional Council

D

the Local Government Council

CORRECT OPTION: d

Local governments generate revenue through the collection of rates on market shops, car parks, radio and television, etc.

6

In a democracy, sovereignty is in _________

A

the community

B

public officials

C

judges

D

the Head of State

CORRECT OPTION: a

Democracy is a form of government in which the people have the authority to choose their governing legislators

7

Which of the following is a good example of a confederal state?

A

Nigeria

B

ECOWAS

C

Switzerland

D

USA

CORRECT OPTION: b

Confederalism is a system of organisation in which there is a union of states with each member state retaining some independent control over both internal and external affairs. For international purposes, there are separate states rather than just one state.

ECOWAS has the obligation of promoting regional cooperation and economic integration.

8

A bill that applies to the whole population and is intended to promote the general welfare is called _________

A

a private bill

B

a decree

C

an appropriate bill

D

a public bill

CORRECT OPTION: d

A public bill is one that has to do with the issues the country is facing.

9

Fascism developed in________

A

France

B

Germany

C

Italy

D

China

CORRECT OPTION: c

Fascism was developed in Italy under Benito Mussolini.

Fascism is a form of far-right, authoritarian ultranationalism characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and strong regimentation of society and of the economy which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe. Wikipedia

10

The theory of separation of powers was first time clearly formulated by __________

A

Jean Bodin

B

Jean Austin

C

Baron de Montesquieu

D

Lord Bryce

CORRECT OPTION: c

Separation of Powers was first formulated by Baron de Montesquieu

Pages: