# JSS2 Basic technology Lesson Notes

## FIRST TERM

**1**. Definition and Importance of Mechanics

**2**. Types of Motion

**3**. Forces and Their Effects

**4**. Introduction to Simple Machines

**5**. Applications of Simple Machines in Everyday Life

**6**. Practical Examples and Demonstrations of Simple Machines

**7**. Types of Forces

**8**. Effects of Friction on Motion

**9**. Techniques for Reducing Friction

**10**. Linear Motion

**11**. Circular Motion

**12**. Oscillatory Motion

**13**. Introduction to Newton's Laws of Motion

**14**. Newton's First Law of Motion (Law of Inertia)

**15**. Newton's Second Law of Motion (Law of Acceleration)

**16**. Newton's Third Law of Motion (Action and Reaction)

**17**. Applications of Newton's Laws in Real-World Situations

**18**. Definition of Balanced and Unbalanced Forces

**19**. Effects of Balanced and Unbalanced Forces on Objects

**20**. Practical Exercises and Demonstrations on Identifying and Analysing Forces

**21**. Introduction to Pressure: Definition and Units

**22**. Effects of Pressure on Objects

**23**. Introduction to Buoyancy: Archimedes' Principle and Its Applications

**24**. Introduction to Energy: Definition and Forms

**25**. Relationship Between Energy and Work

**26**. Practical Examples and Demonstrations of Energy and Work

**27**. Introduction to Power: Definition and Units

**28**. Types of Machines: Simple and Complex

**29**. Practical Examples and Demonstrations of Machines and Power

## SECOND TERM

**1**. Definition and Importance of Structures

**2**. Types of Structures: Frame, Shell, Composite

**3**. Applications of Structures in Everyday Life

**4**. External Forces: Compression, Tension and Shear

**5**. Internal Forces: Bending and Torsion

**6**. Effects of Forces on Different Types of Structures

**7**. Factors Affecting Structural Stability

**8**. Techniques for Enhancing Structural Stability

**9**. Examples of Structurally Stable and Unstable Structures

**10**. Introduction to Construction Materials

**11**. Properties and Characteristics of Construction Materials

**12**. Applications of Construction Materials in Building Technology

**13**. Importance of Architectural Drawing in Building Technology

**14**. Basic Drawing Tools and Their Uses

**15**. Introduction to Drawing Techniques: Lines, Shapes and Projections

**16**. Introduction to Floor Plans

**17**. Drawing Simple Floor Plans of Buildings

**18**. Practical Exercises for Students to Practise Drawing Floor Plans

**19**. Introduction to Elevations

**20**. Drawing Elevations of Buildings

**21**. Hands-on Practice for Students to Create Elevation Drawings

**22**. Techniques and Methods of Building Construction

**23**. Phases of Building Construction

**24**. Safety Precautions in Building Construction

**25**. Introduction to Building Technology Project

**26**. Selection of Project Topics Related to Building Construction

**27**. Planning and Organisation of Project Work for the Term

## THIRD TERM

**1**. Definition and Forms of Energy

**2**. Sources of Energy: Renewable and Non-Renewable

**3**. Importance of Energy in Everyday Life

**4**. Introduction to Energy Conversion Devices

**5**. Principles of Operation of Energy Conversion Devices

**6**. Practical Examples and Demonstrations of Energy Conversion Devices

**7**. Introduction to Electrical Systems

**8**. Components of Electrical Systems

**9**. Applications of Electrical Systems in Various Industries

**10**. Safety Precautions When Working with Electricity

**11**. Electrical Regulations and Standards

**12**. Demonstration of Safe Practices in Electrical Work

**13**. Definition and Importance of Power Systems

**14**. Components of Power Systems

**15**. Practical Examples and Demonstrations of Power Systems

**16**. Methods of Power Generation

**17**. Advantages and Disadvantages of Different Power Generation Methods

**18**. Practical Examples and Demonstrations of Power Generation

**19**. Importance of Energy Conservation

**20**. Techniques for Conserving Energy in Households and Industries

**21**. Practical Exercises and Demonstrations on Energy Conservation

**22**. Introduction to Renewable Energy Technologies

**23**. Benefits and Challenges of Renewable Energy

**24**. Practical Demonstrations of Renewable Energy Systems

**25**. Importance of Energy Efficiency

**26**. Strategies for Improving Energy Efficiency in Buildings and Appliances

**27**. Practical Examples and Demonstrations of Energy-Efficient Technologies